It provides medical care services, pursues disease control and offers reproductive and child health, family planning and nutrition services. An imminent Gold Coast physician and statesman brought to the attention of the government the very high infant and maternal mortality in the country. The necessity for a specialist hospital for children was proposed to curb the high infant and maternal mortality in the Gold Coast Colony. During the visit of Princess Marie Louise the foundation stone for the specialist hospital for children was laid. The Princess Marie Louise Hospital was commissioned in 1926.
The vision of this Hospital is to become a specialized hospital offering integrated services in the prevention and management of childhood illnesses.
Currently, the hospital (which is the only Children's Hospital in Ghana) operates with a staff of 265 persons with 6 permanent doctors, and 81 nurses. The hospital consists of 74 beds, and an Out-Patient Department, Emergency Ward, Laboratory Unit/Blood Bank, X-Ray Unit, Dietetics and Environment Health Unit, Mother's Hostel, Disease Control Unit, Family Planning and Reproductive and Child Health Units. Within the last decade, attendance to the Princess Marie Louise Hospital (PML) has almost doubled, from 45,000 in 1966 to nearly 73,000 per year to date.